CKD or chronic kidney disease is permanent damage to kidneys, and it tends to occur gradually as time progresses. Fortunately, early detection and treatment of this kidney disease will slow down the progression significantly. Further advancement of CKD can be preventable; however, this will highly depend on the progression or stage of the condition.
Detecting CKD in its early stage is highly essential since the kidney plays a vital role in our body, including filtering waste from our body. Therefore, kidney failure is often referred to as kidney failure when a kidney’s function comes to a halt and fails to carry out its function as usual.
This condition is, without a doubt, very dangerous. To better understand CKD and other kidney diseases, in this article, we shall be discussing reverse kidney disease? If you want the fastest way to reverse kidney disease, then check out this short video that summarizes everything that you need to know.
Reverse Kidney Disease? What You Need to Know
Usually, chronic kidney disease features five stages, with the 1st stage indicating that the kidney is still in its best condition, while 5th stage indicates kidney failure. Since there are five stages, 3rd stage of CKD fails at the middle of the spectrum, and here is where your kidney experiences both mild and moderate damage.
A doctor will diagnose CKD stage three based on lab results or the clinical symptoms you are experiencing. Despite the fact that kidney damage cannot be reversed, you might prevent the condition from progressing into the next stage.
Since diabetes, along with hypertension (high blood pressure), are often considered the leading causes of kidney failure, most of the prevention measures are associated with managing the two health conditions. So here are tips on how to prevent CKD from progressing to the next stage;
Manage the Blood Pressure
As stated earlier, hypertension is associated with kidney failure; therefore, managing your blood pressure should be your top priority.
Manage Blood Sugar
Like hypertension, diabetes is also associated with kidney failure; therefore, managing your blood sugar levels is vital.
Check on Your Weight
Overweight and obesity increase the risk of developing health conditions associated with kidney failure, including hypertension and diabetes. Therefore, to prevent the risk of having CKD, you will need to maintain a healthy body weight.
Since high sodium intake is associated with high blood pressure, you should reduce your salt intake to prevent the risk of developing CKD.
You should consider indulging in a heart-healthy meal that is low on bad cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein/LDL) and low sugar. On the other hand, it should be high in fiber, vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. Such a diet will help in preventing weight gain while keeping your heart’s health in check.
Limit Your Alcohol Intake
Alcohol is known to increase blood pressure, and the extra calories it offers will increase your body weight. So, if you want to prevent the progress of CKD, you will need to limit your alcohol intake.
Increase Your Water Intake
Dehydration often reduces blood flow to your kidney, and this can result in damaging them. Therefore, you should consider consulting with your doctor and asking how much water is sufficient to take in a day.
Stay Away from Smoking
When you smoke, you reduce the amount of blood flowing to your kidney. In the process, it will result in damage to kidney functionality among individuals with or without CKD.
Reducing both stress and anxiety will aid in lowering your blood pressure; this is something good for your kidney.
Reduce the Use of Over the Counter Pain Medication
When used in high doses, NSAID or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen will reduce the amount of blood flowing to the kidneys. When it progresses, it can harm your kidneys in the process.
Try to exercise more often. You might consider walking, swimming, or even running as these exercises help with reducing stress, manage your blood pressure and diabetes while maintaining healthy body weight.
In case you think you have kidney disease, it is highly recommended that you see your physician for evaluation. Getting an early treatment and diagnosis will help slow down its progress and prevent kidney failure in the process.
As an individual who knows that they have CKD, it is advisable that you see your doctor regularly to help in monitoring your kidney’s functionality. This is highly essential to aid with preventing it from failing. And although you cannot reverse chronic kidney disease, you can slow down its progress with the use of appropriate treatment.
What Are the Causes of Kidney Failure?
Usually, acute kidney failure tends to occur when the kidney stops functioning all of a sudden. Some causes of kidney failure include;
- Severely low blood pressure.
- Severe loss of blood.
- Kidney infection such as acute pyelonephritis.
- Contrast dye that is often used in imaging tests such as MRI and CT scan.
- Intestinal nephritis (an injury to your kidney’s tubules) tends to occur rapidly
- Glomerulonephritis (an injury to your kidney’s filtering parts) tends to occur rapidly.
- Drugs such as amphetamines, cocaine, and heroin.
- Prescription medication such as using high dosage of some blood pressure drugs, cancer medications as well as antibiotics.
- Urinary tract obstruction, for instance, a kidney stone or an enlarged prostate.
- The use of over-the-counter painkillers like NSAIDs.
On the other hand, CKD or chronic kidney disease occurs when something progressively or slowly damages your kidney. Some of the causes of CKD include;
- High blood pressure.
- Genetic conditions like polycystic kidney disease.
- Glomerulonephritis is slow.
- Slow and progressive interstitial nephritis.
- Recurrent or chronic kidney infection.
- Autoimmune diseases like Goodpasture syndrome and lupus nephritis.
What Are the Symptoms of Kidney Failure?
In most cases, you will not experience any clinical symptoms during the early stages of CKD. However, when you do experience, the symptoms will consist of;
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Difficulty in concentrating.
- Reduced urine output.
- Loss of appetite.
- Metallic taste in the mouth.
- Muscle cramps and twitches.
- Shortness of breath; this is often due to the buildup of fluid in the lungs.
- Edema or swelling of the body within the ankles and legs area (peripheral edema).
What Are the Risks of Kidney Failure?
In addition to filtering your blood, your kidney does lots of other vital activities. And when your kidney fails, it will not carry out these jobs, and complications might arise. Therefore, understanding the risks associated with kidney failure is vital to minimize the chances of kidney failure.
The risks of kidney failure include;
- Heart diseases.
- High blood pressure.
- Low immunity or weak immune system.
- Peripheral neuropathy (this is nerve damage present in your legs).
- Hyperkalemia (excess levels of potassium in the blood).
What is the Treatment for Kidney Failure?
You will find treatment for all stages of CKD. Acute kidney failure is reversible, while CKD progression can only be slowed with the correct treatment method. The issue is often temporary for acute kidney failure, and your kidney will start functioning once again when the problem is fixed. Some treatments used in treating and reversing acute kidney disease include;
- The use of antibiotics for pyelonephritis.
- Intravenous fluids to rehydrate your body.
- Corticosteroid to improve your immune system.
- Blood transfusion in case of blood loss.
- Getting rid of the obstruction.
In case your kidney does not respond to any of the above treatment regimens, hemodialysis can be performed temporarily until they start working once again.
On the other hand, progressive and slow damage to your kidney often leads to CKD. Unlike Acute kidney failure, CKD is not reversible, and as a result, something else will need to take the place of your kidney. Options include;
- Hemodialysis. This involves the use of dialysis machines to filter your blood. Usually, this process is carried out in dialysis centers or at times at home; however, the process will need a partner.
- Kidney transplant. You will undergo a kidney transplant procedure where a donated kidney will be placed in your body.
- Peritoneal dialysis. This is a type of dialysis whereby the filtering process occurs in the abdomen. This process is often done at hospitals; however, it can also be performed at home. And the best part is that Peritoneal dialysis does not require a partner like hemodialysis.
Treatment and reversing the kidney disease will highly depend on the type of kidney disease you are suffering from. As an individual with chronic kidney disease, you should note that your kidney’s functionality cannot be recovered; fortunately, you can slow down its progress with the proper treatment.
But with a kidney donation, you can fully recover after a kidney transplant. In case you have acute kidney failure, then your kidney will most likely work once again when you have the proper treatment regimen.
Adhering to the tips discussed in this article, you can protect your kidney against kidney failure or slow down the progress of chronic kidney disease. If you have diabetes and hypertension, you must manage these conditions to prevent the chances of kidney failure.