Conventional Branches of Engineering and their Future Prospects

Humans are problem solvers. They have been trying to understand and develop science and technology for ages. Humans try to find a solution to every problem. They developed houses to get shelter and made communities for the common benefit. But it was not until they started developing tools that they became civilized. This is what we now call engineering. mechanical engineering and civil engineering are the oldest branches of engineering that made engineering a very important field and exist even to date.

What are ‘Core’ branches?

With the passing time, there are additions to our knowledge of things through generations which is the major driving factor of civilization. Core engineering branches have been there since the dawn of civilization and have undying importance and relevance. They have not changed much in form since their inception. Branches of engineering such as mechanical and civil engineering, are considered as the core engineering branches.

Let us take a quick look at these core branches of engineering:

  • Mechanical Engineering: Mechanical Engineering is a branch of engineering, involving the application of Physics to study, design, make, and maintain mechanical systems. Branches like Automobile engineering, Aeronautical engineering, etc, stem from mechanical engineering itself. Mainly manufacturing firms require mechanical engineers.
  • Electrical Engineering: It deals with the study of electrical equipment that uses or transmits Computers, telecommunications, consumer electronics require electrical engineering.
  • Civil Engineering: With a history as old as mechanical engineering, civil engineering students design and build structures such as buildings, bridges, roads, etc. There are different specialization options like geotechnical engineering, environmental engineering, etc, under civil engineering.
  • Architectural Engineering: Graduates from architectural engineering work in the construction, planning, and design phase of projects and focus mainly on building structure and interior design and elements like ventilation, air-conditioning, fire protection, plumbing, etc. On top of this, they can also help clients in balancing the requirements of – appearance, financial budget, and time frame. This field, just like electrical engineering is somewhat newer than civil and mechanical engineering.

Are ‘core’ Branches Becoming Irrelevant?

Though the relevance of core branches has gone down with the emergence of Engineering in Computer science, it is unfair to say that they have lost their relevance. Think of any industry even today and it is apparent that they need civil, architectural, electrical, and mechanical engineers to run their operations.

Students should now focus on how the core branches can be used in conjunction with computers so as to be up to date with the latest trends in technology. Industry 4.0 is a major focus of industries to increase their output along with increasing their efficiency. If a student has his grasp over such a concept, he is sure to do well in his career.

Demand for Specialization

Nowadays, firms don’t require a jack of all trades. Students need to specialize in a particular area to become more employable. For example, mechanical engineers can specialize in aeronautics or civil engineers can specialize in geotechnical engineering. It surely helps in building a rock-solid base for a successful career.


There is no denying that compared to the Software field, the core engineering fields have fewer job-opportunities. But it is estimated that the Indian government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative will generate about 10 crore jobs by the year 2022. A major portion of these jobs is expected to be in the core fields. Thus, there is a huge opportunity for core engineers in the coming future.

The core engineering jobs are such that they may not be abundant, but they will always be there. Industries will always require civil and architectural engineers to design their complexes and mechanical and electrical engineers to ensure its smooth functioning.

Another advantage is of core jobs is job security. They are sometimes called ‘Evergreen Branches’ for this very reason. Compared to other branches of engineering, job opportunities in core branches are always there and don’t fluctuate that much even in bad economic situations.


In order to grow, a country needs experts from every field. Surplus of engineers in one field and their deficit in another can lead to imbalances. The nation and industry now require more core engineers and to meet this upward curve of demand, we need more core engineers. India is blessed with talent, which if combined with up to date knowledge resources, a solid education foundation, and zeal to learn, can help us to grow in an unprecedented fashion.

Charles Brown