What Is Internet Protocol? Here’s What You Need To Know

The internet is publicly accessible. Not only users from various locations can connect to it but they can access an abundance of information available too. However, often users don’t know what is an internet protocol and why it’s important for accessing the internet. We’re here to shed some light on it and provide insights into what an internet protocol is. So, let’s get started:

What Is An Internet Protocol (IP)?

Similar to access cards, an internet protocol or IP is a set of rules that allows data to travel to its destination without any issue. Data travels in small packets and these packets are then transferred from source to various destinations.

However, the IP helps navigate the packets. IP information is attached to the packets and then the packets are sent on their journey. The IP is an address (hence called an IP address) that ensures data travels to the right location.

For instance, if you’re getting an internet connection from an ISP, let’s say Spectrum, you’ll be assigned an IP address. This IP address will help you send and receive information safely without having the data lost. You can check out Spectrum’s internet plans at spectrum español ofertas internet, choose a plan and the ISP will automatically assign an IP address for your internet.

However, the ISP only assigns this IP address so that they can record and identify who has internet connection service from their end. The DHCP will configure and assign a public IP address to the user’s device automatically.

How Does An IP Address Work?

As highlighted earlier, an IP address works as a navigator, helping data packets reach their destination. If an IP address is absent, the data packets will either not be sent or they’ll be lost (someone else might receive them).

It’s similar to a post office where your location and destination’s address are noted so that the package safely reaches the right address. One thing to note is that every device connected to the internet has an IP address.

Whether it’s your smartphone, laptop, gaming console, or any electronic device, IP addresses are assigned to every device for the smooth transferring of data. Hackers mask their IPs so that authorities can’t track them. We’ll see this later.

Why Is It So Important?

Having an IP address makes it easier for users to communicate on the internet. Data can be sent seamlessly without having any issues. But how to regulate IP addresses? Who knows or assigns data packets and ensures that deliveries are made?

Well, it all happens with TCP or Transmission Control Protocol. The TCP/IP is a set of regulations just like IP addresses that specify how data should be exchanged on the internet using IPs.

Since data is broken into small packets, it can be manipulated, exchanged with other data packets, or even lost. The TCP/IP regulates how the data is divided into packets, how it should be sent over the internet, and how it should be reassembled. It makes it easier for IP addresses to receive data without any hassle. 

Static and Dynamic IP

Now that you know how IP addresses work, it’s time to see how different types of IP addresses work. For starters, we have static IP addresses and dynamic IP addresses.

Static IP addresses are permanent addresses. They can be assigned by an ISP or by your network administrator. Most businesses that are running an intranet use static IP addresses. This is to make sure users’ systems are recognized for resolving issues or connecting them to any network.

On the other hand, dynamic IP addresses aren’t permanent. Your device’s DHCP will be assigning a dynamic IP address. Your home’s address is mostly dynamic since you only need an internet connection and it doesn’t have to remain permanent.

Static IP addresses are good for running a business since everyone can send information on your IP without any hassle. Since dynamic IP addresses change often, it’s possible that information doesn’t get to you because of a change in your IP.

DNS Servers

We’ve seen how IP addresses can help transfer data. However, not all of us have a mechanical mind that can remember IP addresses such as 192.168.1.1. Considering this, a system, known as Domain Name System or DNS ensures IP addresses are translated into useable names.

It makes things simple since instead of searching for an IP address, you can look up the website name and connect with it. Users can also face the issue of “DNS server not responding”, which means the server isn’t able to connect your request with the IP address of the website.

What is IP Masking?

We mentioned before that some hackers often mask their IPs to prevent tracking. However, it’s not a good practice since masking your IP makes you look shady. Well, that’s for you to decide; we’ll be seeing how you can mask your IP. It can be done in the following ways:

  • Use a VPN. A virtual private network or VPN is used to mask your IP. The VPN picks a dynamic IP from the server that you’re connected with. This allows you to mask your current static or dynamic IP.
  • Using a proxy server. A proxy server or proxy redirects your search around the filters that have been applied by any site. It also helps to conceal your IP.
  • Using Tor browser. It’s one of the widely used ways to conceal an IP address and enter the internet anonymously. It also has heavy-duty encryption that provides additional security.
  • Using Public Wi-Fi. It’s another great way if you don’t want to be tracked while on the internet. However, it’s risky since anyone else connected to a public Wi-Fi can see what devices are currently running and can attempt to infiltrate.

Closing Thoughts

Well, there you have it! Now you know what is internet protocol and how can you mask your IP addresses in different ways. In addition, you can also check out your IP address to see if it’s static or dynamic. Try assigning yourself a static IP if possible by contacting your ISP.

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Adam Ali