How Corporations Enforce Cyber Security and Data Compliance Policies

Corporations produce a lot of data and most of it is extremely confidential to the extent that employees are forbidden from circulating specific information even within their departments. Some companies have secret recipes which they cannot disclose while others have patents, intellectual property, and secretive financial information which cannot be made public. Employees are tasked with the responsibility of keeping the company’s data confidential and complying with the company’s policies and procedures to keep it safe. Technology has been evolving quite rapidly, which is why most of the data that is produced is stored online. This puts it at risk of being compromised if it has not been made secure. However, with evolving technologies, methods of data protection are also constantly evolving.

Companies fight very hard to have a competitive advantage over rivals to ensure a secure position in the market. This is why it is extremely important for employees to never disclose data to people working at competitor firms. Marketing strategies, financial allocation, mergers, and acquisitions, are just a few examples of the sort of data that has to be protected. Furthermore, consumer data that is generated is very private and corporations can be sued if they leak this sort of information. Most people do not consent to having their data recorded, which can get companies into trouble if it is not managed properly.

The leakage of data can be very troubling since it can translate into financial losses for firms. This can be through legal fees, fines, and compensations to people whose data had been leaked. Moreover, the reputation of the company is tarnished since it would lose the trust of the stakeholders involved, which can further cause a lot of damage. Other people would also be wary of the company. Data leakage also affects employees who worked hard on strategic decisions that were aimed toward building the company. Data that is generated by corporations has a lot of stakeholders and all of them depend on its safekeeping to ensure that the company runs smoothly without any bumps or hiccups involved.

There are many steps that corporations take to protect their data:

1) Access Controls

Companies restrict the amount of data that is accessible to their employees. They assign them devices and gadgets that are owned by the company and keep a check on their activities to ensure that they are not careless with the data that they do have access to. They have granted access only to the data that is required for them to be able to perform their job functions. Employees cannot even log in to their email accounts without the approval of the company and they are required to use complicated passwords to ensure that nobody can access their devices. On private devices such as mobile phones, they are not allowed to access their emails or chats without setting up a PIN. Although this makes the process of logging into their accounts a little tedious, this helps control the way data is accessed.

2) Data Encryption

Some corporations protect their data by encrypting it. This is done by converting readable data into unreadable data with the help of an algorithm. Only people with the decryption key are able. This is shared with only the people who are authorized to access the data. This helps filter out the people who are not supposed to access the data. The key generated is a complicated one so that nobody can guess the pattern. Without this key, the data is useless even if it has been transmitted to an unauthorized device. This method helps secure communications too and ensures that the data is not tampered with during both the transmission and storage stages during the encryption process.

3) Network Security

Corporations religiously employ the use of firewalls to ensure that their network is secured against external threats and that nobody can hack into any of their networks. The firewall acts as a barrier between the intruder and the sensitive data that is shared and stored over the network. For employees who need remote access, they are given a virtual private network to ensure that their IP address is secure and that nobody can access that sort of data even if they use an unsafe network.

4) Software Usage

Companies can also use the help of certain software that can help them improve their IT services. One of the services provided is the security of data. Corporations can invest in an itsm solution that can aid the IT departments of companies to operate better. Such software can also pinpoint which areas need more improvement. If a company has poor security, The software can prompt it to change the level of security and protect its data more than before. Companies can also subscribe to applications that they know are trustworthy and are provided by companies that are known for securing data and taking responsibility for it.

5) Employee Training and Awareness

Many companies make it mandatory for their employees to attend training sessions and most of them make it compulsory for workers dealing with sensitive data to especially sit through these sessions and confirm that they have learned to manage and handle data better to avoid any breaches. This is also an important step to ensure that employees are adhering to the standards which have been laid down by the company. This also prevents them from making any mistakes which puts the data at serious risk.


Data has been the driving force for many corporations out there. The same data can either make or break a company depending on how it is handled. The people who are at risk of breaching this data are the employees themselves. But with ironclad contracts, non-disclosure agreements, and strict security policies, companies can keep their data safe and pass on policies to make sure that employees are compliant with the policies that have been put in place to avoid any data breaches. There are multiple measures that are taken to protect company data. Employees have restricted access, the networks they use are extremely secure, and most of the time, the data is encrypted. Sometimes, companies also use software to add another layer of protection for their data.